There are many different mood disorders and conditions and this article aims to explore the signs, symptoms and available treatment for one such disorder, namely bipolar disorder. Key areas to be examined are listed below.
- What is Bipolar Disorder ?
- Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
- Treatment for Biploar Disorder
What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder used to be know as manic-depression and it affects approximately 1% of the general population. It is referred to as a “mood disorder” and may often strike in the prime of one’s life, unlike many other health conditions which normally affect one later in life. There is a diagnostic criteria used to identify if a person is suffering from bipolar disorder, and this includes the individual having suffered at least one bout of mania (abnormally elevated mood). The condition primarily causes the sufferer to have recurrent bouts of both mania and depression; these bouts may vary in terms of frequency and intensity or severity.
Symptoms & Signs of Bipolar Disorder
In the mania phase, an individual suffering from bipolar may show key changes in their usual behavior, possibly including the following: dressing differently, hyperactive, entertaining, vigilant, assertive, self-confident and euphoric. Conversations may be racing, high-pressured and be difficult to interrupt. Mania may also include psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions thus making the sufferer’s behaviour seem all the more bizarre and out of character.
The depressive episodes may be mixed into the mania or occur immediately following and in contrast to the above symptoms are more likely to involve feelings of guilt, hopelessness, despair, apathy and thoughts of suicide or self-harm.
Treatment for Bipolar Disorder
Medical treatment as well as therapy such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) can be particularly helpful for the bipolar sufferer in terms of managing the distressing symptoms and learning new, healthier coping strategies. Medication is prescribed depending on which specific symptoms are being experienced. Antipsychotics tend to be used to help get through periods of mania while periods of depression may benefit significantly from the use of an antidepressant.
Lithium, a mood stabilizer may also provide much needed relief and is believed to not only decrease the risk of a suffering experiencing relapse but has also been proven to decrease the likelihood of a person committing suicide.
To conclude, it is clear that bipolar disorder involves a great deal of distressing symptoms in both the mania and depression phases. It is therefore very important for those experiencing such symptoms as described above to seek proper medical advice as soon as possible. Before anything gets worse, professional help can do so much. Just like how those who are addicted turn to oxycodone centers Miami.